The effectiveness open-ended learning and creative problem solving models to improve creative thinking skills


  • Isnaeni Aprilia Kartikasari Universitas Sebelas Maret
  • Budi Usodo Universitas Sebelas Maret
  • Riyadi Universitas Sebelas Maret



Open-ended learning, creative problem solving, direct instruction, creative thinking skill


Creative thinking skills are part of globalization era education and can be applied by implementing innovative learning models. This study aims to identify the effectiveness of the open-ended learning and creative problem solving models to improve students' creative thinking skills on learning mathematics in elementary school. A quantitative approach with a quasi-experimental method is used in this study. The study was conducted in Surakarta, Indonesia, and involved 270 fourth grade elementary school students. Data collection is done by disseminating the test instrument. The analysis is done by testing the hypothesis and comparison test. Based on the test results, it is known that the observation test value is 32.79 or greater than the critical area of 3.02. Thus, the open ended learning and creative problem solving learning model affects creative thinking skills. In the comparative test, the open ended learning model is more effective than the creative problem solving and direct instruction models, and the creative problem solving learning model is more effective than the direct instruction model. These findings can be used as a guide for teachers to apply open learning models for their learning or creative problem solving models that are proven to affect creative thinking skills.


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How to Cite

Aprilia Kartikasari, I., Usodo, B., & Riyadi. (2022). The effectiveness open-ended learning and creative problem solving models to improve creative thinking skills. Pegem Journal of Education and Instruction, 12(4), 29–38.