Multicultural education in Turkey: An analysis of 1st-5th grades curriculum objectives
The aim of this study is to evaluate 1st-5th grades curriculum objectives with regards to multicultural education principles in Turkey. To achieve this goal, document analysis of qualitative method was used. The curriculum standards of compulsory courses were examined by using Castagno's (2009) framework that offers six approaches for multicultural education. According to the results of this study, the total number of 2.44% objectives has been found related to multicultural education principles. There are not any objectives related with education for assimilation and education for social action approaches. When the number of objectives has been examined, it has been found that these programs answer education for amalgamation (0.51%), pluralism (0.93%), cross-cultural competence (0.89%), and critical awareness (0.67%) approaches. Overall, the programs do not include any objectives for education, for assimilation and social action; however, the curriculum did not appear to be designed to reflect the key principles of multicultural education.
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