Factors affecting the academic achievement in socioeconomically disadvantaged students
The aim of this research is to assess factors affecting achievement of students coming from low socioeconomic background in PISA 2012 and with high and low achievement in mathematics performance. The research population consists of students who were 15 years old as of the date of PISA 2012 assessment. In the Turkey sample, there are 4848 students from a total of 170 schools from 57 cities in 12 statistical region units in PISA 2012. In this research, students within the lowest 33.00% section according to the economic sociocultural status index in the Turkey sample were included. The research was carried out with 218 students showing low achievement in mathematics and 173 students showing high achievement in mathematics including them all in socioeconomically disadvantaged group. As a result of the structural equation model applied considering students’ affective traits and achievement in mathematics, it is observed that the variable “attitude towards school” is a positive and significant predictor in the low achievement group. It is observed that the variable “affective characteristics towards mathematics” is a positive and significant predictor in the high achievement group while “attitude towards school” is a negative predictor of achievement in mathematics. These results can initiate attempts to review educational investments towards students’ achievement and can lead to fund transfers towards fields that can result in higher increase in achievement.
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